UNCW National Science Foundation Valdosta State University Universidad Nacional de Colombia The Sponge Guide

 

Notes: Previoulsy known as S. cuncatrix (Schmidt, 1868), which is a different species from the Mediterranean. Thick encrustantions, salmon color to dull orange, usually with oscules and exhalant canals forming an elevanted vein star pattern over the surface. S. mollis Verrill, 1907 may be a previous name, but as the type specimen seems to be lost (Boury-Esnault et al., 1999), it cannot be compared at present. It may be a valid, different species, existing only in Bermuda. However, as in other reef localities of the Caribbean there are only two Spirastrella coexisting morphs corresponding to S. hartmani and to S. coccinea (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864), S. mollis may have priority over S. hartmani. S. coccinea is bright vermillion or dull red, more leathery, and has a stouter category of spiraster spicules. Deep water specimens of S. hartmani in the Bahamas also have stout spirasters adding confusion to the distinction between these two species. Detailed comparisons of pairs of specimens from each locality may help resolve this problem.
 
Author Reference: Boury-Esnault, Klautau, Bézac, Wulff & Solé-Cava, 1999
 
Link: World Porifera Database
 
Color:
brown
cinnamon-tan
cream
gray
orange
Morphology:
encrusting
Consistency:
soft
tough
Locations:
Bahamas - Hogsty Reef
Bahamas - Little San Salvador
Bahamas - Mira por Vos Cays
Bahamas - Northern Exuma Cays
Bahamas - Plana Cays
Bahamas - Sweetings Cay

  

 

 

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